Protection for Christchurch Bay

View along the line of the lost sandbar towards Mudeford and Hengistbury Head

“Additional rock armour” is to be provided to protect the coast path at Steamer Point near Highcliffe.

This is just part of a new BCP Council strategy to slow coastal erosion between Hengistbury Head and Chewton Bunny on the Dorset/Hampshire county boundary.

The plan will look at the next 100-years taking into account the effects of climate change such as sea level rise and increasing storms.

Councillor Mark Anderson, the new BCP Council Environment Portfolio Holder, says: “As work progresses with the Poole Bay Beach Management Scheme, the timber groyne renewals and sand renourishments, it’s vital we also deliver an approved strategy for the Christchurch coastline.

“It will provide the foundation to enable us to make bids for government funding to carry out similar works including harbour defences, to address flood risk as a result of sea level rise.”

Contractors have been appointed to undertake beach recycling next year on Mudeford Sandbank and as far as Highcliffe. This will involve the re-distribution of up to 20,000 tonnes of beach material which has accumulated offshore in the ebb-tidal delta and nearshore bars by the harbour entrance.

This is an interesting exercise in an area with shifting sands. Within living memory Mudeford Spit continued east parallel to Avon Beach. This long sandbar extended the Christchurch Harbour entrance, now at Mudeford, by a mile to below Highcliffe Castle until a sudden storm in 1935 reduced it to its present length.

This long sandbar was on the line of the 18th-century cliff which receded to engulf Highcliffe Castle’s predecessor the High Cliff house.

Cliffhanger cafe overlooking Chewton Bunny on the county and BCP boundary. The New Forest District Council is responsible for the coast in Hampshire.
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Keats 200: John Keats at Studland

Joseph Severn’s watercolour of Old Harry from the ship (Special Collections & University Archives/Wake Forest University)

Two hundred years ago this month poet John Keats sailed from London to Italy where he died the following year.

What was that journey like? It was slow and although we all know that Keats died in Rome he was sailing for Naples, a city familiar to Shelley.

His ship, the Maria Crowther, left Tower Dock on Sunday 17 September and sailed down the River Thames. After passing through St George’s Channel, the captain took her into Portsmouth where Keats went inland to visit old haunts.

So it was not until Saturday morning 30 September that the Maria Crowther sailed into The Solent and past The Needles.

The passengers had a good view of the mainland as the captain cautiously sailed into Poole Bay for shelter before anchoring in Studland Bay.

Here Keats paddled in the water whilst his companion Joseph Severn, who was to nurse him in Rome, lingered on board painting the view of Old Harry Rocks.

In the bay, where a brief sandy cliff gives way to chalk there is a feeling of being enclosed by Bournemouth’s Poole Bay, Hengistbury Head, Christchurch Bay, the looming Isle of Wight and Old Harry Rocks at the southern entrance to Studland Bay.

Today the gap into the English Channel between the Isle of Wight and the Isle of Purbeck’s Old Harry Rocks appears filled by two giant ocean liners sitting out the virus.

This day in 1820 may have been Keats’ last moment in England unless the rumour is true that their ship also went into Lulworth Cove before turning south into more dangerous water.

They arrived in the Bay of Naples on 21 October but, due to reports of typhus in London, the ship was quarantined until Tuesday 31 October, Keats’ last birthday.

Keats and Severn reached Rome two weeks later where they were greeted by Dr James Clark who had found rooms for them next to the Spanish Steps.

John Keats died there very late on Friday 23 February 1821.

Dr Clark later came to know Poole Bay. He believed that the pines in Bournemouth contributed to the town’s healthy environment and he lived in a house on the West Cliff called Eagles Nest with a view of Studland. The Eagles Nest site is now the BIC’s Purbeck Hall.

Old Harry Rocks from Studland Bay
Studland Bay’s cliff and natural beach
Redundant cruise liners anchored between the Isle of Wight and Old Harry Rocks
The Allure of the Seas, which was due to have visited Naples next month, appears close to Studland as she awaits an end to the virus
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Branksome Chine opened 90 years ago by Margaret Bondfield

Margaret Bondfield

During 1920s men unable to find work in South Wales were employed to transform Branksome Chine.

The valley entrance was reconfigured with lakes drained and the stream channelled with stone banks.

Wednesday 16 September is the 90th anniversary of Minister of Labour Margaret Bondfield visiting to see the almost completed scheme and declare the Chine reopened.

Her period in office was dominated by a battle with unemployment.

A few weeks before coming to Branksome in September 1930 she was at Croydon Airport to welcome Amy Johnson back from Australia after becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia.

Margaret Bondfield was also a record holder being the first woman cabinet minister and first woman privy counsellor.

In 1930 she was to have just another year in Parliament before losing her seat in the General Election.

Above and below: The plaque at the southern entrance to Branksome Chine Gardens
Branksome Chine stream with Poole Bay beyond. The plaque is on the left hand end of the main bridge.
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Canford Cliffs stabilisation work begins

A fence on cliff path alongside Cliff Drive at Canford Cliffs

Work on stabilising a section of Canford Cliffs starts this Monday.

It is expected to continue until next summer.

The site is between Flaghead Chine and Canford Cliffs Chine.

During the winter Cliff Drive will be closed to traffic but remain open to walkers.

Full fascinating details are here.

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Milford: Work starts on Westover Sea Wall

One of several warning notices on approach to Milford-on-Sea

Work has begun repairing the Westover Sea Wall at Milford-on-Sea.

Walkers from the west must now divert inland just before The Beach House.

The coast path remains open in front of The White House but this can only be approached from the high promenade on its east side.

There is no through coast route between The Beach House and the White House. As reported earlier a date for reopening the path has yet to be announced.

Boulders from Norway, as used on nearby Hurst Spit in the 1990s, are piled above Paddy’s Gap ready for laying below the crumbling cliff.

Diversion: Bear half left to join the parallel road just before The Beach House. Walk past the pub (right) and continue to St Francis Church (right). Go right along Westover Road. After passing The White House entrance gates (right) bear right at a car park to reach the promenade.

The diversion is just before Westover, now The Beach House pub, to pass the front door.
Stone from Norway being laid below the cliff.
A ‘promenade’ is appearing.
Boulders from Norway piled above Paddy’s Gap.
Looking west from the worksite.
Boulders unloaded on the closed under cliff..
An example of the crumbling near Paddy’s Gap.
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Pennington temporary path diversions

Two path diversions are expected later this month between Milford-on-Sea and Lymington due to work on embankments.

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Milford: Westover Sea Wall Diversion

Westover, or The Beach House, at Milford-on-Sea seen from the coast path

As urgent restoration work begins on the Westover sea wall at the western approach to Milford-on-Sea there is a long term diversion now in place.

New Forest District Council says that “no date can be given at this time for when the footpath may be opened up” as the land is unstable but adds that “ideally the urgent works will enable the footpath to be opened again”.

Walkers will encounter a works compound at Paddy’s Gap before seeing the main repair compound, with just arrived Norwegian stone, ahead by The White House. Bear half left to join the parallel road just before The Beach House pub.

Walk past the pub (right) and continue to St Francis Church. Here go right along Westover Road.

There is soon a view of The White House (right) which is under threat from the crumbling coast.

It is possible to rejoin the coast path by a bowling green and the Needles Eye Cafe.

**The Westover sea wall owes its name to The Beach House which is the former Westover built in 1897 for electricity pioneer Alexander Siemans.

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White House facing storms

The peaceful coast path down to the White House seen in summer 2016 before erosion increased

A report on the poor state of coastal sea defences at the eastern end of Christchurch Bay cliff is being considered by New Forest District Council.

The NFDC commissioned Jacobs Report warns of “a significant cliff retreat” if extreme weather hits the coast during the coming winter.

The Milford-on-Sea clifftop subject to urgent discussion between NFDC, Milford Council and residents is the few but crucial hundred yards which runs from approximately just below The Beach House pub to The White House.

The path, diverted earlier this year, should run downhill to pass in front of The White House which was built in 1903 to a design by Romaine Walker.

In 1938 the landmark white building became a children’s hospital. It is now divided into residences.

The New Milton Advertiser/Lymington Times has a full report and picture.

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Beardsley exhibition: reopening & extended

Banner outside Tate Britain in March when exhibition opened

The Beardsley exhibition at Tate Britain in London is reopening today.

The once in a lifetime major exhibition includes work undertaken by the artist when he lived in Boscombe and Bournemouth.

The show was open for only a very short time in March due to the virus and should have closed in May. The closing date is now Sunday 20 September. Timed tickets must be booked in advance.

The skeleton of a whale displayed on Boscombe Pier. Beardsley had seen the whale washed up on the beach east of the pier in January 1897. The picture gives an idea of the sandy nature of the cliff at the entrance to Boscombe Chine known to the artist when he lived in Sea Road.
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Keble College Oxford 150 & The Hermitage Hotel

Keble’s house Brookside with the Royal Exeter Hotel behind seen from Pier Approach

The Church of England calendar entry for today 14 July is John Keble, Priest, Tractarian, Poet, 1866 [Lesser Festival].

Keble’s death in March 1866 came at Brookside opposite the pier in Bournemouth where he had been staying for six months having come for his wife’s health.

Brookside is now part of the Hermitage Hotel. The name Book-side indicates the position of the boarding house being close to the Bourne Stream about to flow across the sand next to the pier. John Keble crossed this stream in the ‘chine’ daily on his way to St Peter’s Church.

“We do not at all repent of having come here,” was his verdict on the town in January.

At the house he corresponded with John Henry Newman, who now also appears in the ecclesiastical calendar, and William Gladstone who was at the time Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Keble had a huge influence on the direction and nature of Church life during the Victorian era with his sermons, hymns and best seller poetry book The Christian Year. As a result his death was widely reported.

This year 2020 marks the 150th anniversary of the opening of Keble College Oxford which was his national memorial. But for the virus there would have been a programme of celebrations featuring the great church figures of today including Rowan William and Richard Coles.

But it is good to know that John Keble’s last home survives as a place to stay with a view of the sea thanks to the Hermitage Hotel.

John Keble who died in Bournemouth
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